A brief history of the pipe
|2000 BC||Remains of tobacco leaves and pipes are found in Egyptian mummies. This is yet to be explained scientifically.|
|1500 BC||Pipes are used by North American indians for ceremonial purposes and as a symbol of reconciliation.|
The Greek doctor Hypocrites
used smoke inhalation from herbs as
for certain female diseases.
|1000||The herb "Angelikarot" is smoked in pipes in Norway.|
|1492||Columbus discovers (or maybe rediscovers) America and the use of tobacco.|
|1519||The tobacco plant reaches Europe.|
|1559||Jean Nicot launches the tobacco plant as a multiremedy; among the french royalties it becomes fashionable to "sneeze away the headache".|
|1580||Chalk pipes are mass produced - mostly for mariners.|
|1586||A ban on smoking is included in the ten revised commandments in Switzerland.|
|1600||Iron pipes are used in Norway, also among the laps.|
|1604||The first anti tobacco campaign is launched by Jacob the 1th of England.|
|1618-1648||During the 30 years war, pipe smoking gains recognition throughout Europe.|
|1619-1630||Christian the IVth of Denmark & Norway punishes smoking on ships by keel-hauling.|
|1630||The death penalty is introduced for smoking in Turkey, Russia and China. These punishments seem to disappear when the regents discover the enormous amount of income tax tobacco can generate.|
|1720||Meerschaum is discovered and becomes the highest regarded pipe material.|
|1820||The cigar becomes fashionable in western Europe.|
From its birthplace in Jura,
France, the briar pipe gains world popularity.
Bigger and longer pipes are however in use until about 1920.
|1853-1856||The war at Crime introduces the cigarette to the west from Turkey.|